Museum educational activities in the context of disseminating modern scientific knowledge
The purpose of the study is to analyse the content and focus of the educational activities of museums on the dissemination of modern scientific knowledge and ideas of scientific education. Scientific education is increasingly acquiring interdisciplinary and integrative content as a synthesis of natural, technical, and humanitarian knowledge in formal, non-formal, and informal education, or in conditions of their complementary integration. The authors conducted an online survey of 42 respondents (teachers of Ukrainian secondary schools, teachers of universities, and museum workers) who answered 10 questions of the questionnaire about the organization, drafting, and implementation of museum educational (museum pedagogical) programmes to communicate with pupils and students in the museum environment with the opportunity to express their own attitude to the suggested problems. The survey results proved that teachers of secondary schools and teachers of higher education institutions have a significant interest in the introduction of educational (museum pedagogical) programmes into the environment of national museums with minor visiting reservations, associated with quarantine restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. The article analyses the peculiarities of functioning of museum institutions in the system of organizing various types of educational activities with visitors in accordance with the dominant paradigm of education and upbringing. The role and significance of the most important educational paradigms in the system of museum pedagogical activity are outlined. The role of modern museums in promoting and disseminating ideas of scientific knowledge in various forms and methods of work with young people is emphasized.
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