The problem of war and peace in European literature of the 20th century

Keywords: autobiography, expert reader analysis, content analysis, global conflicts, literary reaction.


Aim. The aim of the article is to identify and arrange the patterns of influence of the consequences of the wars of the 20th century on literature as one of the characteristic manifestations of the socio-cultural activity of the community involved in destructive military actions, and the influence of these literary works on modernity. Methods. The research employed the following methods: collection and analysis of works of war literature, cross-sectional expert rating analysis, content analysis and drawing analytical conclusions. Results. The study was focused on two lists of literary works about the First and Second World Wars. According to the rankings, Erich Maria Remarque - Der Weg zurück (about the First World War) and Anne Frank - Het Achterhuis (about the Second World War) are the leaders. Stylistic dynamics showed a change from generalized moral reflections to personal experiences of military horrors. The results confirmed the impact of military conflicts on literature and its interaction with other socio-cultural phenomena. Conclusions. The authors’ appeal in the war literature of World War II to the personal experiences of the potential reader through the mediation of autobiographical literary works contributes to a fundamental revision of the moral and ethical norms of the post-war society. The academic novelty is a comprehensive analysis of the impact of global military conflicts on European literature and their role in the modern world. The results of the study can be used in literary studies, education and cultural studies for a better understanding of the influence of military conflicts on literature and the formation of a humanistic worldview. The prospects for further research direction focus on increasing the sample of empirical data through content analysis of a larger number of master works of war literature.


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Author Biographies

Dmytro Boklakh, Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate for a Degree, Lecturer, Department of Foreign Languages and Professional Communication, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Taras Hrosevych, Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine”, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Cyclic Commission of Journalism, Ivano-Frankivsk Branch, Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine”, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Hanna Tabakova, Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine.

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Ukrainian and Foreign Literature and Comparative Studies, Faculty of Philology and Social Communications, Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine.

Anna Ieliseienko, State Biotechnological University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Language Training, Faculty of Management, Administration and Law, State Biotechnological University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Dmytro Chystiak, Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Romanic Philology, Educational and Scientific Institute of Philology, Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, Ukraine.


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How to Cite
Boklakh, D., Hrosevych, T., Tabakova, H., Ieliseienko, A., & Chystiak, D. (2023). The problem of war and peace in European literature of the 20th century. Amazonia Investiga, 12(68), 210-223.
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